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Irish Class, April 13, 2009
Windycon09
gmcdavid

Rang Gaeilge, 13ú lá mí Aibreáin

Again most the lights in the classroom were out this evening when I arrived. However, this time I was able to find one of the building staff and get it fixed before class started. Much better!

(Looking at the cuts on my left hand:)
I fought the saw, and the saw won.
Throid mé an sábh, agus an sábh bhuaigh.


ilchineálach "miscellaneous"
scríobscratch, scrapef2
scráibscratch, scrapef2
sméar(black)berryf2

More on the special construction for the case of

+ verbal noun + pronoun object

mé → do mo (lenited VN) me ("for my")
thú → do do (lenited VN) you (singular) ("for your")
é → á (lenited VN) him ("for his")
í → á (no initial change VN) her ("for her")
muid → dár (eclipsed VN) us ("for our")
sibh → do bhur (eclipsed VN) you (plural) ("for your")
iad → á (eclipsed VN) them ("for their")

Tá tú ag leanuint mé.
Tá tú do mo leanuint.
You are following me "You are for my following"
Bhí sé ag ceannach.
Bhí sé á gceannach.
He was buying them. "He was for their buying." do /go/ here.

Important: All of this applies only to simple uses of , not to modal contructs like "Tá orm...."

Review
Is féidir liomI can ...
B'fheidir liomI couldB'fheidir ← Ba fhéidir (copula)
b'fheidirmaybe, perhaps

Cleachtadh Aistrithe — Translation Exercise

  1. A: Did you know it is Thomas's birthday tomorrow?
    An raibh a fhios agat go bhfuil lá breithe ag Tomás amarach?/
    An raibh a fhios agat gur lá breithe Thomáis í amarach?

    gurdependent copula
    ícopula construct.

  2. B: Yes, we'll go out to the pub, as we do every year.
    Bhí's. Rachaid muid amach go dtí an teach tábhairne mar a dhéanann muid gach bliain.

    Above is Connacht. C.O. rachaimid, dhéanaimid

    Bhí'sYes, I knew/vi:s/(not /vi:s'/) Bhí's ← Bhí a fhios agam
    Tá'sYes, I know
    marlike
    mar sinlike that
    amachout(motion)
    amuighout(stationary
    isteachin(motion)
    istighinstationary

    Tá's/Bhí's is one the rare cases where you use more than just the verb to give an affirmative answer.


  3. A: Will you be making a cake for him today?
    An mbeidh tú ag déanamh císte dó inniu?

    cístecakem4 (festive)
    cácacakem4 (more like bread). Don't forget the fada!

  4. B: No. I'll be making it for him the day after tomorrow, when I'm sure I won't see it again after drinking.
    Ní bheidh. Beidh mé á dhéanamh dó arú amárach, nuair a bhfuil mé cinnte nach bhfeicfidh mé arist é tar eis a bheith ag ól.

    á dhéanamhlenited because císte (& cáca) are masculine nouns
    tar éisaftersometimes /he:s'/
    a bheithwas beingProgressive form. A period in time, not a point in time.
    tar eis a bheith ag ól"after being at drinking"

  5. A: Well, isn't that a nice picture?
    Bhuel, nach é sin pictiúr deas?

    nachnegative interrogative copula(Also negative dependent and relative copula)


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