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Irish Class--Monday Night, November 30, 2009
Windycon09
gmcdavid

Rang Gaeilge, 30ú lá Mí na Samhna 2009

Five items (1st two left over from last week). Quiz

  1. Cé hé ainmhí a shíneann líon agus a fhiachann cuileoga?
    Damhán Alla

    ainmhíanimal
    sínlengthen, stretch out
    líonnet, line
    fiachhunt, chase
    cuileogfly[insect]

    Direct relative clause. cuileoga (pl) is the direct object


  2. Cé hé an lá féile ar a dtugann muid hairt dearga lán de mhilseáin donár muirníní agus dlúthchairde?
    An Lá Vailintín

    tuganngivepres. of tabhair
    hartheart[the shape]
    lánfull
    donárto ourdon ár
    muirníndarling, sweetheard
    dlúthchairdeclose friends

    Indirect relative clause.


  3. Cé hiad na rudaí a thiteann as na crainn gach fómhar agus tagann ar ais a t-earrach sin chugainn (an céid earrach eile).
    Duilleoga

    an t-earrach sin chugainnthe next spring
    as na crainnfrom the treesThis is a single unit. The preposition is not associated with the verb.
    duilleogleaff2 pl. duilleoga
    aisback [return], again

    Direct relative clause. as is not associated with the verb.


  4. Cé hiad na rudaí gur feidir leo a bheith bain le ríomhaire, nó na ainmhhí beaga ina gcónaí gnoirt
    Luchóga

    gur feidir leothat are needed to gur because of copula
    gortfieldm2 pl goirt
    luchógmousepl luchóga

  5. Cén uair an chloig í, nuair atá méan lae againn.
    Dó dhéag an chlog.

    Cén uair an chloig í...?What time [hour] is it...? Copula construction. clog is in genitive.
    Dó dhéag an chlog12 o'clockNot a genitive

Another peak at Scottish Gaelic, From Will's trip

SGIG
tha
A' dèanamhAg déanamh
mumo
gugo
a-machamach
a-muighamuigh
a-chloga chlog?
a-nochdanocht
a-màirechamárachtomorrow
an-diughinniutoday
an-dèinné
an-raoiraréirlast night

mar a thahowSG

Personal pronouns
mi
thu
e
i
sinnmuid/sinn
sibhsibh
iadsiad

In IG , , & siad, the s- comes from the copula.

Cleachtadh Uraithe agus Shéimhithe i gClásail Choibhneasta
"Practise Eclipsis and Lenition in relative Clauses" (continued from 11/16)

Líonaigí na bearnaí le foirmeacha an bhriathair úraithe nó shéimhithe, cibé is gá.

cibé is gáwhichever is necessary

Confirmed by Wes:

I think I figured this out: If a verb has both independent and dependent forms (e.g. and irregulars), then
  • For a direct relative clause the independent form is used.
  • For an indirect relative clause the dependent form is used.
Tá mo cheann ag rothlú. "My head is spinning".
an teach a bhfuil mé i mo chónaí ann (bí)Indirect, uses Dependent verb form. Preposition ann.
Direct RC uses uses Indep. form atá rather than a bhfuil
an scannán a mbreathnionn muid air (breathnaigh) Indirect. Preposition air
an radio a n-éisteann sí leis (éist)</i> IndirectPrep. pronoun leis"with it"
an t-úll a d'ith an buachaill (ith) hint: past tense"The apple that the boy ate"
— Direct
an slua a leannann siad (lean) "the crowd that they follow"Direct
na carraí a bhuail an tiománaí sa timpiste (buail) past
tiománaidriverm4
timpisteaccidentf4
Direct
sa timpiste is a unit — a stand alone prep. phrase. sa does not refer back to the verb
na coileáiníní a bhfuil na páistí ag gáire fúthu (bí)
coileánpup, cubm1
coileánínpuppy
fúthuabout themfaoi
Indirect. Prep. pronoun fúthu refers back to the puppies.
an t-amhrán a sheineannan banna (seinn)
amhránsong
seinnplay [music]v
bannaband[music]
Direct
na fataí a bhaineann na feilméirí (bain)Direct
an sult a mbaineann na himreoirí astu (bain)
sultsatisfaction, pleasure, fun
imreoirplayer
astufrom themas
Indirect
D'ith an cailín an píosa beag milseáin a d'amsigh sí ina póca. (aimsigh) past
aimsighaim, find, make attempt at
Direct relative clause. Indirect would be ar aimsigh
Seo hiad na hamanna a gcuimheoid na mic léinn orthu. (cuimhnigh) future
amtimepl amamma
orthuon themar
Indirect
'Speáin dom an patrún a rognaigh tú do do bhainis. (roghnaigh) past
'speáinshowtaispeáin verb
patrúnpattern
rognaighchoose
Direct relative clause
Ba mhaith liom a fheiceáil céard a dheanfadh siad le do chathaoir nua. (déan) conditional
cathaoirchairf
Direct
Bhain mé an-sult as an mbialann a mhol tú dhom aréir. (mol) past
molpraise
dhomto me
aréirlast night
Direct
Ní thuigim an fáth nach _______________________________ tú ríomhphost ar ais dom nuair a ____________________________ mé ceann duitsa. (cuir) past
fáthcause, reasonm3
aisback [return], again
Is liomsa an carr a ______________________ an meicneoir air sa ngaráiste inniu. (obair) present
Is leatsa an carr ar ________________________ an meicneoir air sa ngaráiste inné. (obair) past
Céard a__________________________ siad ag labhairt faoi? Níor chuala mé aon focal á _____________________________ siad ag labhairt faoi. (bí) past


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