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Irish Class, Monday, November 9. 2009
Windycon09
gmcdavid

Rang Gaeilge, 9ú lá Mí na Samhna 2009

Five Items: A Quiz — Answer the question as Gaeilge.

  1. Cé hé an duine gur mac do sheanathair agus athair do choil ceathar é.
    Is m'uncail an duine sin. Is m'uncail é sin.

    gur"that"because of copula ( ...?) not go bhfuil
    col ceatharfirst cousin

  2. Cé faoin gcéad a bheadh fághta má tógadh seasca de
    Daichead/Ceathracha faoin gcéad fághta.

    va of
    faoin gcéadpercent
    fághtaleftfaigh
    seasca60
    daichead40
    ceathracha40Cois.

  3. Má tá mé ag siúil ó thuaidh ar a ceathair a chlog tráthnóna, chasfadh ar mo chlé, bhead orm a chuir ar mo ghloiní gréine.
    B'fhéidir.

    if
    ag siúilwalking
    ó thuaidhnorthó is not "from"
    casturn
    cléleft
    deisright[side or turn]
    griansunf2 gs gréine
    gloiní gréinesunglasses

  4. Cén t-ainm atá ar an lá ndiaidh Lá an Althaithe?
    Is An Aoine Dhubh an t-ainm atá air.

    Lá an AlthaitheThanksgiving day
    diaidhafter
    An Aoine DhubhBlack Friday

  5. Má thabharfainn duit ceann amhain gach aon sórt nóta airgid Mheiriceánna óna haon go dtí a céad, cé mhéad a bheadh agat san iomlán agat.
    Céad dollar ochto 's a-hocht.
    [188=1+2+5+10+20+50+100]

    nótanotem4 nóta airgid "bank note"
    san iomlánin total
    céadhundred, first
    ceadpermission
    An bhfuil cead agam...?May I...?

Lenition and Eclipsis with Direct and Indirect Relative Clauses - a Toe Dipping.

[The worksheet, annotated.]

A relative clause is a clause that modifies a noun. Here are some examples:

  1. The man who lives in town.
  2. A tree that gives us shade.
  3. Seven books (that are) lying on the table.

In Irish, the verb in such a clause is either lenited or eclipsed, depending on certain factors.

One of those factors is if there is a preposition involved, as is the case in the first and third example clauses above.

If you have a relative clause with a verb that incorporates a preposition, like:

éist leislisten to
breathnaigh airlook at
tabhair faoi.set about, take

Then the verb is eclipsed.
This is called an indirect relative clause.

Céardwhat← Cé hé an rud
Céard a n-éisteann sibh leis? What are you listening to?"What is the thing that you are listening to?"
Cheannaigh mé an scanainn a mbreathnóidh siad air. I bought the film that they will be looking at
Cuir síos, le do thoil, an turas a a tug tú faoi. Please describe the trip that you took.

A verb that begins with a vowel prefixes n- to show eclipsis.

All verbs, past, present, and future, are eclipsed in an indirect relative clause. The eclipsis trumps all other mutations.

Direct relative clause

Cé hé an duine bhualann tú?
Who is the person that you hit?

  • bualann pres. hab. of buail "hit, strike", hence "Who is the person that you hit on a regular basis?" [!]

  • No preposition, so this is a direct relative clause. Hence lenitition