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Monday Night Irish Class, February 24, 2014

Rang Gaeilge, 24ú lá mí Feabhra 2014

Wes's Class

Wes was out sick, so Will took his class. Three of us from Will's class assisted. I had an attack of imposter syndrome but managed to hide it. Here are the official notes from Will:

The focus was on the present (habitual) tense, and on answering simple questions:

  • Usually referring to the "present tense" is enough, but it gets a little confusing with "to be", because you have both and Bíonn forms, the latter being the habitual version. So:
    • Tá mé tuirseach anocht, "I am tired tonight."
    • Bíonn sé tuirseach 'chuile lá, "He is tired every day" (notes from a doctor's visit, say).
  • We worked in pairs and spent a lot of time asking questions that started with An bhfuil and with An mbíonn, with the second person having to respond with a correct form of yes/no, namely Tá/Níl for the first question and Bionn/Ní bhíonn (or Bím/Ní bhím) for the second.
  • We then expanded to other verbs, using the standard verb sheet from this site that is used for many exercises. We learned that:
    • Short verbs (and -áil verbs) are Type 1, other verbs longer than one syllable are Type 2.
    • Short verbs have short vowels in their endings and long verbs have long vowels in their endings.
    • Type 1, then, end in -ann, but remember "slender to slender, etc.". That is, fanann but briseann. (If the e is needed in the ending, there will be an i before the final consonant in the verb stem.)
    • Type 2, then, end in-íonn, with an a added when needed to match a broad consonant: ceannaíonn vs. coinníonn.
    • There are special combined forms that follow the short/long vowel guideline: feicim vs. ceannaím. These need to be used in statements -- Feicim madra -- but the answer to An bhfeiceann tú? can be either feicim or feicean.